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Angioplasty Stent Cost: An Overview Angioplasty Stent Cost: An Overview

Angioplasty Stent Cost: An Overview

Artemis Hospital

April 15, 2024 |
Angioplasty Stent Cost: An Overview 9 Min Read | 179

Angioplasty is the procedure used to widen or open the narrowed or blocked blood vessels. Coronary angioplasty is the method to open blocked blood vessels that supply the heart. A stent is a tiny device that keeps the artery open. Stents can treat heart attacks and angina when used in your coronary arteries.

India has a huge burden of cardiovascular diseases and CVD is considered as the leading factor causing death in India. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2019, representing 32% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% were due to heart attack and stroke. 

A study published in the Disease Control Priorities journal reveals that more than 80% of cardiovascular deaths have resulted from ischemic heart disease and stroke. Reportedly, In recent years, there has been a tremendous advancement in technology, which has undoubtedly improved patient care. 4.5 lakh individuals undergo angioplasty annually in India, and some undergo bypass surgeries. 

The angioplasty stent cost varies depending on the stent material used and the complexity of the procedure. An average, coronary angioplasty stent ranges from INR 7000 to INR 12000

Types of Stents Used for Angioplasty

The type of stent for you is chosen by your cardiologist based on the severity of your blockage, your age, your medical history, and other factors. There are three types of stents used for angioplasty procedures. They are:

  • Bare-Metal Stents (BMS): These stents are made up of stainless steel or cobalt chrome and they provide a permanent, physical support to the artery wall. Even though they can reduce symptoms associated with heart disease but may cause scarring, which can lead to future blockage.
  • Drug-Eluting Stents (DES): To prevent scar tissue formation and future blockages of the artery, the stents are coated with drugs. They also release medications over time, which help reduce inflammation and improve blood flow in the area. Compared to BMS, DES have fewer complications and are recommended for more complex cases or those who have had previous stent placement.
  • Bio-Absorbable Stents: These stents are made up of magnesium alloy and they get dissolved within 2 years of time.

How are Stents Inserted in Coronary Angioplasty?

Before starting the angioplasty procedure, your doctor will give you anesthesia to reduce pain and control anxiety. To prevent the formation of blood clots, your doctor may also recommend some blood thinning medicines.

During the procedure, you will be lying on a padded table and you will be awake during the procedure. Your doctor will insert a catheter into an artery, the catheter may be inserted into your arm, wrist, or groin area. 

Your healthcare provider will use x-ray pictures to carefully guide the catheter up into your heart and arteries. A special dye is injected into your body to highlight the blood flow through the arteries. This helps the healthcare provider to detect any blockages in the blood vessels supplying to your heart.

Into and across the blockage, a guide wire is moved. Then a balloon catheter is pushed over the guide wire and into the blockage. The balloon on the end is blown up (inflated). This opens the blocked vessel and restores proper blood flow to the heart.

A stent is then placed into the blocked area, stent is inserted along with the balloon catheter. The stent is left over there to keep the artery open.

What is the Angioplasty Stent Cost in India?

The type of stent for you is chosen by your cardiologist based on the severity of your blockage, your age, your medical history, and other factors. Depending on these factors as well as the complexity of the procedure, angioplasty stent cost varies. On average, coronary angioplasty stents range from INR 7000 to INR 12000. The final cost is the total of the angioplasty procedure cost and stent cost along with the hospital charges, investigational tests, and medicine charges. The total cost varies if you have any insurance coverage.

Risks of Angioplasty and Stent Placement

The risks include:

  • Bleeding or clotting in the area where the catheter is inserted
  • In-stent restenosis (clogging of the inside of the stent)
  • Damage to the heart valve or blood vessels
  • Bleeding or infections
  • Very rarely stroke, allergic reactions, kidney damage, irregular heartbeat 

Heart Stent Recovery Time

The recovery time for angioplasty and stent placement varies for different individuals. In general, though, it usually takes around four weeks before you can resume normal activities and start feeling better. 

Along with proper care, it is essential to follow a healthy lifestyle instructed by your healthcare provider to reduce the risk of blockages and improve overall outcomes. This includes quitting smoking, eating a healthy and balanced diet, or exercising regularly.  Discuss in detail with your cardiologist to get specific instructions on what you should do after the procedure and provide any necessary follow-up care.

Conclusion

Angioplasty and stent insertion is the procedure used to widen or open the narrowed or blocked blood vessels. It is an effective treatment for coronary artery disease and can help reduce the symptoms associated with it and improve the life span. By understanding in detail all your options, consulting an experienced cardiologist, and following healthy lifestyle recommendations, you can make sure that you are taking the best steps possible towards improving your cardiac health outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How much does a heart stent cost?

A: The stent price varies depending on the type of stent used and the complexity of the procedure. On average, the price of a single heart stent varies from INR 7000 to INR 12000. The final cost depends upon the number of stents used, angioplasty charges, hospital charges, and medication charges.

2. Why does the angioplasty stent cost so much?

A: The manufacturing of stents needs advanced technologies and specialized materials. The high manufacturing cost results in a higher price for consumers.

3. Do insurance companies pay angioplasty stent costs?

A: Angioplasty can be a financial burden to many people. Many insurance companies pay the full or partial amount needed for medical procedures. It is recommended you check with your insurance provider whether your existing plan covers the angioplasty charges.

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