Understanding Congenital Heart Disease Overview

Artemis Hospital

January 12, 2024 |
9 Min Read | 169

What Is Congenital Heart Disease?

Congenital heart disease encompasses a variety of conditions that affect the hearts structure. These conditions might involve abnormalities in the heart walls, valves, or blood vessels near the heart. CHD can disrupt the normal blood flow through the heart, affecting its ability to pump effectively.

Types of Congenital Heart Defects

  • Atrial Septal Defect (ASD): A hole in the wall separating the hearts upper chambers
  • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)**: A hole in the wall between the heart’s lower chambers
  • Tetralogy of Fallot: A combination of four heart defects
  • Transposition of the Great Arteries: A reversal in the connections of the heart’s major vessels
  • Coarctation of the Aorta: Narrowing of the body’s largest artery, the aorta
  • Truncus Arteriosus: A single large blood vessel emerges from the heart instead of the usual two boats

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing CHD often involves a series of tests, including echocardiograms, electrocardiograms (ECG or EKG), chest X-rays, and, in some cases, fetal echocardiography during pregnancy. Treatment varies based on the severity of the defect and may involve medication, catheter procedures, or surgery.

Cardiac Care for Congenital Heart Disease

Seeking specialized care from a heart hospital or a cardiac care centre is crucial for managing congenital heart disease. Expert cardiac specialists and dedicated facilities equipped with advanced technology are pivotal in ensuring accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plans.

Artemis Cardiac Care is a renowned centre for cardiac care, offering comprehensive services and a team of the best cardiac doctors specializing in congenital heart diseases.


Understanding congenital heart disease is crucial. From simple defects like atrial septal defects to complex conditions, timely diagnosis and specialized care from places like Artemis Cardiac Care are essential. Advances in medicine offer hope, but ongoing support and expert care remain vital for those affected by these heart defects.

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