Percutaneous Valvular Interventions

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy in Chennai

Paving the way for undisrupted blood flow with precision-based Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy.

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Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy Procedures


At Artemis Cardiac Centre, you can explore the most advanced and innovative treatment options for complex heart conditions. The hospital is outfitted to perform procedures like Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy. Every procedure is planned while adhering to stringent benchmarks of quality and prioritizing your safety and well-being, because we care for you and your heart. 

Our team strictly adheres to personalized treatment plans because we believe that every individual has unique medical requirements. Throughout your journey from treatment to recovery, we ensure your medical needs are being catered to with a robust approach.

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy

What is Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy ?

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy is a minimally invasive intervention performed on patients with a stenotic mitral valve, i.e. a condition marked by a blocked or narrowed mitral valve, which makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood efficiently. If left untreated, the condition can lead to heart rhythm defects and increase the risks of stroke.

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy aims at treating the stenotic valve by widening it, using a catheter and a balloon. The procedure is often referred to as balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) or percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC). The minimally invasive nature of the procedure makes it the preferred choice of the patients as they can return to their regular life in no time. The majority of patients experience significant relief in the symptoms and improved heart function.

Why does one need Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy?

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy may be needed to treat mitral stenosis in patients with moderate to severe obstruction/stiffness. The technique helps to open the narrowed mitral valve and restore the normal flow of blood in patients who do not respond to the conservative treatments.

Time Taken For Procedure

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy is broadly classified and based on the technique that is used:

Procedure Time

The procedure takes about an hour

Hospital Stay

Most patients need to stay overnight and are discharged within 24 hours. Some may be required to stay longer depending on overall prognosis

Recovery Period

It generally takes a week to resume work, however, strenuous activities should be avoided for a couple of weeks. 

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You may be recommended to go for angioplasty if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms linked to coronary artery disease, which are not responding to medication and lifestyle modifications:

Advantages of Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy

Various Advantages of Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy are:

About Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy Procedure


  • The first step of the procedure is planning a consultation. Doctors will analyze your overall health by going through your medical history and conducting a physical examination. Based on these, further tests may be recommended, which include Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), to confirm the diagnosis and curate the best treatment plan.
  • Once confirmed that you are eligible for Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy, doctors will explain the procedure to you and brief you about what to expect, and the pros and cons of the same.
  • You will need to inform your doctor if you are allergic to any medication, have an existing heart condition, are undergoing other treatments, are taking any medications currently or suspect that you are pregnant.
  • You will be required to fast for a couple of hours before the procedure. This is important as the procedure is done on an empty stomach to prevent nausea and vomiting.

What does the Procedure involve?

  • The procedure can take anywhere between an hour or two. It involves the use of anaesthesia, to make sure that you do not feel any pain or discomfort. Your vitals will be taken and recorded.
  • An intravenous line will be started to administer fluid and medication. Doctors will place tiny electrodes on your chest to assess your heart rate.
  • You will be asked to lie down on the surgical table and the incisional site will be prepared. This is followed by making a tiny incision to introduce the sheath, to pave for introducing the catheter
  • Using a thin guide wire, the catheter is slowly moved forward and guided towards the blocked section of the carotid artery. This is done using X-ray imaging guidance.
  • In order to get a better view, doctors may use a contrast dye material, which is injected into the body, with the help of the catheter.
  • This is followed by the administration of an embolic protection device or a tiny filter that helps to remove the unwanted substances that are scrapped off from the surface of the carotid arteries.
  • The catheter has an inflatable balloon fitted on one of its ends. In case the blockage is stubborn, doctors may inflate the balloon to open the blocked artery and allow blood to flow more effectively.
  • In some cases, doctors may even place a small metallic stent in the artery to offer enough support to alleviate the risks of restenosis.

What follows the Procedure?

  • Patients generally need to stay at the hospital overnight. During this time, you will be keenly observed by our experts to make sure there are no complications.
  • Soon after the procedure, you will be taken to the recovery room, from where you will be shifted to your room after gaining consciousness.
  • To alleviate the risks of bleeding, you may be required to lie still for a couple of hours
  • You will need to drink a lot of water to flush out the contrast dye. A normal diet can be taken soon after the procedure. However, light meals are advised.
  • You will be required to come for regular follow-ups, which helps the doctors to keep a regular track of your prognosis.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q -How does Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy treat Mitral Stenosis?

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy helps to treat Mitral Stenosis by clearing the obstruction to restore normal blood flow.

Q - What to expect during recovery following Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy?

The time taken for recovery post Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy is comparatively shorter. You are likely to experience mild soreness and pain which can be managed with prescribed medication. 

Q - What are the risks associated with Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy?

There are certain risks associated with Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy, just like any other medical procedure. The most common of these include valve damage, embolization, bleeding and arrhythmias. 

Q - Is Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy a Minimally Invasive procedure?

Yes, Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy is a minimally invasive procedure, performed using a catheter with an inflatable balloon on one of its ends.

Q - Can Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy be performed on Pregnant women?

Balloon Mitral Valvulotomy may be performed during pregnancy, however, there are several factors that are to be taken into account as not every pregnant woman may qualify for the procedure. 

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